Michael B. McElroy

Gilbert Butler Professor of Environmental Studies, Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences; School of Engineering and Applied Sciences;
e-mail: mbm@io.harvard.edu (Tel: 617-495-4359 Fax: 617-495-4551))


Current Research |

Research Group


Curriculum Vitae

| Publications


    McElroy, M. B. The Challenge of Global Change. Bulletin of The American Academy of Sciences, Vol. XLII, February, pp.25-38.

    McElroy, M.B., and R. J. Salawitch. Changing Composition of the Global Stratosphere. Science, 243, 763-770.

    Salawitch, R. J., G.P. Gobbi, S. C. Wofsy and M.B. McElroy. Denitrification in the Antarctic Stratosphere. Nature, 339, 525-527.

    McElroy, M.B., and R.J. Salawitch. Stratospheric Ozone:  Impact of Human Activity. Planetary Space Sci., 37, 1653-1672.

    McElroy, M.B., Studies of Polar Ice: Insights for Atmospheric Chemistry. In Report of the Dahlem Workshop on The Environmental  Record in Glaciers and Ice Sheets, p. 363, H. Oeschger and C. C. Langway, Jr., editors. John Wiley and Sons.

    Hecht, A. D., et al., Group Report: Long-term Core Records and Global Environmental Changes. In Report of the Dahlem Workshop on The Environmental Record in Glaciers and Ice Sheets, p. 379, H. Oeschger and C. C. Langway, Jr., editors. John Wiley and Sons.


    McElroy, M. B. Antarctic Ozone:  A New Challenge. In Recent Studies in Atomic and Molecular Processes. Edited by Arthur E. Kingston Plenum Publishing Company, London.

    McElroy, M.B., R.J. Salawitch, and S.C. Wofsy. Chemistry of the Antarctic Stratosphere. Planet. Space Sci., 36, 73-87.

    Hao, W.M., S.C. Wofsy, M.B. McElroy, W.F. Farmayan, M.A. Toqan, J.M. Beer, M.S. Zahniser, J.A. Silver, C.E. Kolb. Nitrous oxide emission from coal, oil and gas furnace. Combust. Sci. and Tech., 55, 23-32.

    Wofsy, S.C., M.J. Molina, R.J. Salawitch, L.E. Fox, and M.B. McElroy. Interactions between HCl, NOX, and H2O Ice in the Antarctic Stratosphere:  Implications for Ozone. J. Geophys. Res., 93, 2442-2450.

    Salawitch, R.J., S.C. Wofsy, M.B. McElroy. Chemistry of OClO in the Antarctic Stratosphere:  Implications for Bromine. Planet. Space Sci., 36, 213-224.

    Salawitch, R. J., S.C. Wofsy, and M.B. McElroy. Influence of Polar Stratospheric Clouds on the Depletion of Antarctic Ozone. Geophys. Res. Lett., 15, 871-874.

    McElroy, M.B. The Challenge of Global Change. New Scientist, 34-36.


    Hao, W.M., S.C. Wofsy, M.B. McElroy, J.M. Beer and M.A. Toqan. Sources of Atmospheric Nitrous Oxide from Combustion. J. Geophys. Res., 92, 3098-3104.

    Jacob, D.J., M.J. Prather, S.C. Wofsy, and M.B. McElroy. Atmospheric Distribution of  85Kr Simulated with a General Circulation Model. J. Geophys. Res., 92, 6614-6626.

    Prather, M.J., M.B. McElroy, S.C. Wofsy, G. Russell, and D. Rind. Chemistry of the Global Troposphere:  Fluorocarbons as Tracers of Air Motion. J. Geophys. Res., 92, 6579-6613.


    Wofsy, S.C. and McElroy, M.B. Tropical forests:  interactions with the atmosphere. Symposium Volume:  Tropical Forest and World Atmosphere, edited by Ghillean Prance, pgs. 33-60.

    McElroy, M.B., R.S. Salawitch, S.C. Wofsy and J.A, Logan. Antarctic Ozone:  Reductions due to synergistic interactions of chlorine and bromine. Nature, Vol. 321, 759-762.

    Hao, W.M., S.C. Wofsy, M.B. McElroy, W.F. Farmayan, M.A. Toqan, J.M. Beer, M.S. Zahniser, J.A. Silver and C.E. Kolb. Nitrous oxide emission from coal, oil and gas furnace flames. Combustion Science and Tech., Vol. 55, 23-32.

    McElroy, M.B. and A. Dalgarno. Photodissociation of O2 (a 1 D g) in the a 1 D g --> C3 Du Transition. Geophys. Res. Lett., 13, 660-663.

    Ko, M.K.W., M.B. McElroy, D.K. Weisenstein and N.D. Sze. Lightning:  a possible source of stratospheric odd nitrogen. J. Geophys. Res., 91, 5395-5404.
    McElroy, M.B., R.S. Salawitch and S.C. Wofsy. Antarctic O3:  An Assessment of Mechanisms for the Spring Decrease. Geophys. Res. Lett., 13, 1296-1299.


    Ennever-Knox, F. and McElroy, M.B. Changes in Atmospheric CO2:  factors regulating the glacial to interglacial transition. Geophysical Monograph Vol. 32, reprinted from,  "The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric CO2: Natural Variations Archean to Present (AGU): 154-162.


    Bolin, B. and McElroy, M.B. A Geosphere-Biosphere Research Program International Council of Scientific Unions Symposium on Global Change.

    Ko, M.K.W., Sze, N.D., Livshits, M. and McElroy, M.B. The seasonal and latitudinal behavior of trace gases and O3 as simulated by a two-dimensional model of the atmosphere. J. Atmos. Sci., Vol. 41, p. 2381.

    Knox, F. and McElroy, M.B. Changes in Atmospheric CO2:  influence of the marine biota at high latitude. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 89, pp. 4629-4637.

    Prather, M.J., Wofsy, S.C. and McElroy, M.B. Reductions in ozone at high concentrations of stratospheric halogens. Nature, Vol. 312, pp. 227-231.

    Rodriguez, J.M., Prather, M.J. and McElroy, M.B. "Hydrogen on Venus":  Exospheric Distribution and Escape. Planet. and Space Sci., Vol. 32, pp. 1235-1255.

    Ber Bolin and Michael B. McElroy, A Geosphere-Biosphere Research Program, Global Change: The Proceedings of a Symposium sponsored by the International Coucil of Scientific Unions (ICSU) during its 20th General Assembly, in Ottawa, Canada on September 25, 1984, Edited by T.F. Malone and J.G. Roederer, Cambridge Unviersity Press, Cambridge, U.K.


    Hashimoto, L.K., Kaplan, W.A. and McElroy, M.B. Transformation of fixed nitrogen and N2O in the Cariaco Trench.  Deep Sea Res., Vol. 30, pp. 575-590.

    Keller, M., Wofsy, S.C., Goreau, T.J., Kaplan, W.A. and McElroy, M.B. Production of nitrous oxide and consumption of methane by forest soils. Geophys. Res. Lett., 10: 1156-1159.

    McElroy, M.B. Marine biological controls on atmospheric CO2 and climate. Nature, Vol. 302, pp. 328-329.

    McElroy, M.B. Atmospheric Composition:  influence of biology. Planet. Space Sci., Vol. 31, pp. 1065-1074.

    McElroy, M.B. Global atmospheric and climatic change.  On the Fate of the Earth: Conservation and Security in a Sustainable Society, First Biennial Conference, New York, October 19-21, 1982, Earth Island Inst., San Francisco, pp. 312-322.

    Prather, M.J. and McElroy, M.B. Helium on Venus:  Implications for uranium and thorium. Science, Vol. 220, pp. 410-411.

    Wofsy, S.C., Fox, L.E. and McElroy, M.B. Prediction of phytoplankton abundance in polluted rivers, (submitted to Env. Sci. and Tech.).

    McElroy, M.B. Global Change:  A Biogeochemical Perspective National Aeronautics and Space Administration


    Fox, J.L., Wofsy, S.C., McElroy, M.B., and Prather, M.J. A stratospheric chemical instability.  J. Geophys. Res. Vol. 87, pp. 11,126-11,132.

    McElroy, M.B., Prather, M.J., and Rodriguez, J.M. Escape of hydrogen from Venus.  Science, Vol. 215, pp. 1614-1615.

    McElroy, M.B., Prather M.J., and Rodriguez, J.M. Loss of oxygen from Venus.  Geophys. Res. Lett. 9, pp. 649-651.

    McElroy, M.B. Stratospheric chemistry:  progress and problems Amer. Inst. Physics Conference Proceedings, Interpretation of Climate and Photochemical Models Ozone and Temperature Measurements, La Jolla Institute, 1981, pp. 173-181.


    Lipschultz, F., Zafiriou, O.C., Wofsy, S.C., McElroy, M.B., Valois, F.W. and Watson, S.W. Production of NO and N2O by soil nitrifying bacteria.  Nature, Vol. 294, pp. 641-643.

    Logan, J.A., Prather, M.J., Wofsy, S.C., and McElroy, M.B. Tropospheric  chemistry:  a global perspective. J. Geophs. Res. Vol. 86, 7210-7254.

    McElroy, M.B. Sources and sinks for nitrous oxide.  Proc. of NATO Algarve, Portugal, October 1-13, 1979; U.S. Dept. Transportation Report No. FAA-EE-80-20.

    McElroy, M.B. Chemistry of the Stratosphere.  Man and Stratospheric Ozone, Vols. I and II, F.A. Bower, ed., CRC Press, Inc.

    McElroy, M.B. and Prather, M.J. Noble gases in the terrestrial planets:  clues to evolution.  Nature, Vol. 293, pp. 535-539.

    Wofsy, S.C., McElroy, M.B., and Elkins, J.W. Transformations of nitrogen in a polluted estuary: nonlinearities in the demand for oxygen at low flow. Science, Vol. 213, pp. 754-757.


    Elkins, J.W., Wofsy, S.C., McElroy, M.B., and Kaplan, W.A. Nitrification and production of N2O in the Potomac:  evidence for variability.  Proc. of Symposium on Nutrient Enrichment.

    Goody, R., McElroy , M.B., and Morrison, P. Human issues in space exploration.  American Academy of Arts and Sciences Bull., Vol. 23, pp. 10-13.

    Goreau, T.J., Kaplan, W.A., Wofsy, S.C., McElroy, M.B. Production of NO2- and N sub 2 O by nitrifying bacteria at reduced concentrations of oxygen. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 40, pp. 526-532.

    Hoffman, J.H., Hodges, R.R., Donahue, T.J., and McElroy, M.B.   Composition of the Venus lower atmosphere from the Pioneer Venus mass spectrometer.  J. Geophysical Research, Vol. 85, pp. 7882-7890.

    McElroy, M.B., Wofsy, S.C., Sze, N. Dak Photochemical sources for atmospheric H sub 2 S. Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 14, pp. 159-163.



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